"Museo dei dolmen" (Dolmen Museum) is a virtual museum of Mediterranean and Western Europe prehistory and early history, set up and directed by Federico Bardanzellu.


Dolmen Museum     


Prehistory and Early History of the Mediterranean and Western Europe

Prigionieri_Pheleset Stele_Merenptah
Museo dei Dolmen


Movements of peoples in the Mediterranean Sea between

the Bronze and the Iron Age

1. Sea Peoples, who were they?                                  

In the Late Bronze Age (XIII century BC.) the archaeological documents record significant population shifts from the Aegean-Anatolian area towards the Syro-Palestinian corridor. These people are commonly referred by the historians as the "Sea Peoples", since the beginning of the last century.

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2. Iconography of the warriors


3. The Bronze Age collapse


In the thirteenth century BC some devastating earthquakes struck the towns of Greece as Thebes, Tiryns , Mycenae , Midea and Pylos.  Recent excavations have shown that...

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The depictions of the temple of Medinhet Abu show a specific iconography of the invaders. The Libyans and other Africans are depicted with a fringe of braids on the forehead and neck...

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4. Origin area of the Sea Peoples  


From those shown above, it is possible to identify four basins of origin of the Sea Peoples. There seems to be no doubt that...

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5. The Sea Peoples in the Syro-Palestinian Levant


In Papyrus Harris, Ramses III prides itself on being gone to fight Danaans in their islands (and this confirms their presence in Cyprus), have taken prisoners Libyans and Shardanas and destroyed Pelasgians and Teucers.  

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6. The Doric invasion of Greece

The Greece of the twelfth century BC was invested by a people commonly known as the Dorians, in possession of weapons of iron.

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7. The Sea Peoples in Sardinia and Corsica

The return  of most of the Teucers and Danaans from Palestine to the Greek peninsula, allowed the Philistines to assimilate and/or submit how many of the former were remained in the land of Canaan, where the eleventh century BC can be considered...

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8. The Sea Peoples in Sicily and in the Italian peninsula

In the Final Bronze Age, Mycenaean presence in Sicily is documented by the fortified coastal town of Thapsos. Inside, it flourishes the culture of Pantalica I (1270-1050 ).

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9. The Iron Age

Despite the landing of people in possession of casting techniques and manufacture of iron weapons the beginning of the new Iron Age in the Italian peninsula and the islands of is canonically fixed on 900 BC

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navicella sarda

10. Phoenicians over the Pillars of Melkart

The literature shows a strong link between the Anatolian Tarsus ( the biblical Tarsish ) and the Phoenician Tyre. The same connection can be found between Tyre and Tharros of Sardinia.

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Credits - Text by  Federico Bardanzellu  2013      facebook